Each stage includes interactional behaviors that serve as indicators of liking and disliking.
During the first phase, when strangers are faced with each other in a particular situation, their communication behaviors are determined by a set of communication rules or norms and they tend to ask and give a symmetric amount of information.
Reciprocity rate and liking are negatively related.4 Uncertainty is high in initial interactions because individuals are not aware of the beliefs and attitude of the other party.A Normative Approach to the Study of Uncertainty and Communication.At the very beginning of a particular encounter, one person must attempt to develop predictions about the other before the other acts.However, the lack of focus on interpersonal communication process motivated Berger and Calabrese to form hypotheses that directly involve communication behavior.If there is no mutual liking, either can choose not to pursue a relationship.In the view of Axiom 6, the tendency that people seek out similar others in order to reduce uncertainty should tend to produce liking.Dissertation Abstracts International, 37, 3981.Critics have argued that reducing uncertainty is not the driving force of interaction.Predicted outcome value and uncertainty reduction theories: A test of competing perspectives.B., Shapiro,., "Communication in Everyday Interpersonal and Intergroup Encounters International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol.(2012) A First Look At Communication Theory.
Uncertainty reduction theory had been tested across different cultures in order to confirm its generalizability.The uncertainty reduction theory explains that there are three stages of initial interaction.Finally, as we grow less certain of the other individual in question, the tendency or probability of liking them diminishes.Sherman, Joel Dierselhuis, Angela.All respondents used passive, active and interactive strategies, but the most common and beneficial strategy was the interactive strategy through which people show a perceived similarity and increasing social attraction.Communication Education, 55(2 167-177 Gudykunst,.Journal of ComputerMediated Communication a b Ryan,., Neuliep,.Journal of Marketing, 54, 68-81.5 The uncertainty reduction theory uses scientific methodology and deductive reasoning to reach conclusions.Retroactive uncertainty reduction edit Retroactive uncertainty reduction is the process of analyzing the situation post interaction, which refers cadeau 2 euros to making explanations for the other person's behavior and interpreting the meaning of behavioral choices.
It is one of the only communication theories that specifically looks into the initial interaction between people prior to the actual communication e theory asserts the notion that, when interacting, people need information about the other party in order to reduce their uncertainty.